صورة معبرة جدا: طفل بلا ذراع لكنه يكتب بقدمه…حرب فيتنام
A child with no arms - a result of Agent Orange - writes with his foot at the Tu Do Hospital. 1994. © Kazuyoshi Nomachi
During the Vietnam War, more than 11.4 million gallons of Agent Orange were used. About 8 million gallons of Agent White, Blue, Purple, Pink and Green were also sprayed. The goal was to defoliate rural/forested land, depriving guerrillas of food and cover and clearing in sensitive areas such as around base perimeters. The program was also a part of a general policy of forced draft urbanization, which aimed to destroy the ability of peasants to support themselves in the countryside, forcing them to flee to the U.S. dominated cities, depriving the guerrillas of their rural support base. The Vietnam Red Cross reported as many as 3 million Vietnamese people have been affected by Agent Orange, including at least 150,000 children born with birth defects. According to Vietnamese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 4.8 million Vietnamese people were exposed to Agent Orange, resulting in 400,000 people being killed or maimed, and 500,000 children born with birth defects.